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The collective monograph on the archeological research of the settlements Varhari and Orlitsa has been published

13.04.2022

The collective monograph on the Varhari and Orlitsa, two Chalcolithic settlements in the Eastern Rhodope Mountains, is out of print. The volume is part of the new NAIM-BAS series Archaeological rescue excavations for infrastructure projects, vol. 2. 

The book presented includes the thorough publications of two sites: the settlements at Varhari and Orlitsa. They are connected in many aspects. First, the sites present two consecutive chronological stages of the Copper age (Chalcolithic): the transition from Early to Late Chalcolithic and developed Late Chalcolithic. Second, both of them are located in the catchment area of the Varbitsa River, on the most suitable route connecting the Eastern Rhodope Mountains with the Aegean coast. In terms of location they differ from most of the Final Chalcolithic mountain sites in Bulgaria, which are situated on naturally defended heights or in caves. 

The sites also share similar history of research. Both of them were objects of rescue excavations as a part of large infrastructural project: the construction of route I–5 from Kardzhali (Bulgaria) to Komotini (Greece), through the Makaza pass. They were studied in two consecutive campaigns: 2003 – 2004 (Orlitsa) and 2007, 2009 – 2011 (Varhari).  

The respective parts of the book present and analyze all aspects of these two settlements: location, settlement structure, architecture, pottery, small finds (chipped and ground stone tools, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines, etc.), botanical remains, economic activities, relative and absolute chronology.  

The online version (with free access) is now available at https://publications.naim.bg/index.php/areip/article/view/168 where you can download it as a pdf file. 

Y.Boyadzhiev, K. Boyadzhiev (eds.). Varhari and Orlitsa: Two Chalcolithic settlements in the Eastern Rhodope Mountains (Archaeological rescue excavations for infrastructure projects, 2). Sofia, NAIM-BAS, 2022. ISSN 2535-129X (print); ISSN 2535-0862 (online); ISBN 978-619-254-008-1 (print); ISBN 978-619-254-009-8 (online).