Bulgarian Archaeology 2012 Sixth National Exhibition
For the sixth consecutive year The National Institute of Archaeology with Museum of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences organizes and plays a kind host of Bulgarian Archaeology 2012 National Exhibition.
The exhibition presents the results of research in the course of the last archaeological season. In 2013 the co-organizers of the exhibition are 11 historical and archaeological museums in Bulgaria taking part with artifacts from their depots: Regional Museum of Archaeology – Plovdiv, Museum of History – Byala, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Stara Zagora, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Pernik, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Haskovo, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Kardzhali, Museum of Archaeology – Sozopol, Museum of History – Pomorie, Museum of History – Provadiya, Municipal Museum of History – Tsarevo, and Museum Complex – Bansko. More than 50 posters illustrate with texts and pictures the main results of studies of nearly a quarter of all the archaeological sites under research in 2012.
2012 was a year of hard and prosperous work for the Bulgarian archaeology. A couple of sites presented with impressive findings emerge as the main focus of the exhibition.
The studies in the Prehistoric salt extracting centre Provadiya – Solnitsata, headed by Prof. D-r Vassil Nikolov (NIAM-BAS), submit new valuable data of the nature and wealth of the site. The necropolis of the Copper Age settlement (5th millennium BC) produced exquisitely ornamented ceramic ware, weapons and jewels made of copper, stone and bone. The discoveries in the synchronous necropolis of Kozareva Mogila next to Kableshkovo, Burgas region, are noteworthy as well (studies of Ass. Prof. D-r Petya Georgieva, St. St, Cyril and Methodius University in Sofia). Among all, the flint super – blades and the stone ax – scepter are remarkable indeed. The rescue archaeological excavations of the Prehistoric site by Voden village, Dimitrovgrad municipality, revealed a complex from the Neolithic and Copper Age unknown so far, and brought a huge number of artifacts as the most interesting among are on display in the exhibition. The research is headed by Ass. Prof. D-r Krum Bachvarov (NIAM-BAS) and Ass. Prof. D-r Krassimir Leshtakov (St. St, Cyril and Methodius University in Sofia).
The sites and the artifacts from the Iron Age (1st millennium BC), associated with the development of the Thracian culture in the Bulgarian territories, traditionally bring fabulous results and attract a keen interest of the general public. In 2012 the treasure of golden jewels and horse harness appliqués discovered in the necropolis by Sveshtari near Isperih enjoyed a special attention (studies of Prof. D-r Diana Gergova, NIAM-BAS). The pieces stand out with exceptional grace and craftsmanship. The hoard of 199 silver coins – tetradrachms also bears a great expositional and academic value as it comprises also coins of the scarcely known Thracian King Mostis. The hoard was discovered during excavations of Daniela Agre (NIAM-BAS) in the Thracian royal residence next to Sinemorets village, municipality of Tsarevo. The rescue excavations near Delyan village, Dupnitsa region, headed by D-r Philip Mihaylov (Museum of History – Pernik), revealed a necropolis from the Early and Late Iron Age producing jewels made of gold, silver and amber, bronze artifacts, and ceramic urns.
Among the artifacts dating from the Late Antiquity we have to mention the bronze sextarius from the days of Emperor Zeno (5th c.) from Augusta Traiana (today’s Stara Zagora; studies of Dimitar Yankov, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Stara Zagora); and a belt set made of bronze from the Early Christian necropolis in Karagonsko, Bansko (studies of Katya Melamed, NIAM-BAS).
The archaeological research in the Late Antiquity fortress on St. Atanas Cape near Byala (headed by Ass. Prof. D-r Valery Yotov and assistant chief Alexander Minchev, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Varna) revealed a burnt down building, probably residential, and a workshop containing artifacts, among them an entirely preserved vessel of a shape unknown so far, likely used as a pot for steaming.
As usual, important results in the field of the Medieval archaeology came with the excavations of the first Bulgarian Capital city of Pliska (leaders Prof. D-r Stanislav Stanilov, assistant chief D-r Andrey Aladzhov, Ass. Prof. D-r Valery Grigorov, NIAM-BAS). Among the discovered artifacts stands out a unique hoard of 20 glass tiles some of them bearing human figures engraved in gold. The exhibition traditionally shows also remarkable artifacts from Perperikon (leader Ass. Prof. D-r Nikolay Ovcharov, NIAM-BAS) – golden coins of the Byzantine Emperors Andronicus II and Andronicus III (14th c.), silver coins of Venetian rulers and a golden icon of St. Theotokos. A remarkable view over the Medieval culture of the 12th c. gives a scene of Nebet-tepe, Plovdiv, engraved on a tile (studies of Elena Bozhinova, Regional Museum of Archaeology – Plovdiv).
Bulgarian Archaeology 2012 Sixth National Exhibition is on display in the Central Hall of the National Museum of Archaeology from February 14th – the Day of the Archaeologist till March 17th 2013. The opening is on February 14th 2013, 6 p.m.